Similar to a tuberculosis test.
this test, a small amount of the allergen
solution is injected into the skin.
intradermal allergy test may be done when a
substance does not cause a reaction in the
skin prick test but is still suspected as an
allergen for that person. The intradermal
test is more sensitive than the skin prick
test but is more often positive in people
who do not have symptoms to that allergen
(false-positive test results).
For a skin patch test, the allergen solution
is placed on a pad that is taped to the skin
for 24 to 72 hours.
This test is used
to detect a skin allergy called contact
known as a puncture or prick test.
test is done by placing a drop of a solution
containing a possible allergen on the skin,
and a series of scratches or needle pricks
allows the solution to enter the skin.
If the skin develops a red, raised itchy
area (called a wheal), it usually means that
the person is allergic to that allergen.
This is called a positive reaction.
SCORAD index (Severity Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis)
SCORAD index : A/5
+ 7x B/2
rule of 9 Grading in practice : It is advisable
to draw lesion spread directly on the evaluation
sheet and then perform the calculation.
two most representative items concerning the quality
of life of patients are : Pruritus and Insomnia
What is Cortisol?
Cortisol is a steroid hormone, in the glucocorticoid
class of hormones, and is produced in humans by the
zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex within the
adrenal gland. It is released in response to stress
and low blood-glucose concentration
Direct (Intended) Actions:
- Lipolytic effects
- Effect on blood pressure
- Effect on bronchial muscles (e.g.,sympathomimetic
The synthesis of cortisol in the adrenal
gland is stimulated by the anterior lobe of
the pituitary gland with adrenocorticotropic
hormone (ACTH); ACTH production is in turn
stimulated by corticotropin-releasing
hormone (CRH), which is released by the
Cortisol increase side effect:
Elevated cortisol level is found in many
diseases, including infectious,
aging-related, depression and depression
-associated conditions; even in some with no
While it was initially thought
that a high level is the result of these
diseases, there is mounting evidence to the
contrary, namely, that high cortisol
actually plays a major role in inducing
them, opening the possibility that anti
cortisol drugs might represent a new
High levels for
prolonged periods leads to fat deposition
and often belly fat.
Hair analysis can
reveal if seniors have elevated stress
hormone levels that may put them at
increased risk for heart disease and stroke.
Unlike a blood test that provides
information about stress hormone levels at a
single point in time, analysis of a strand
of hair can reveal trends in levels of the
stress hormone cortisol over several months,
higher long-term levels are more likely to
cause heart disease.