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Diabetic Foot
Treatment & Prevention

Diabetic Foot

Definition:
Diabetic foot is one of the major health complications and serious affect diabetic feet. The onset of the disease through the emergence of some symptoms in the foot as swallen, infection, sores and wounds as a result of neuropathy or ischaemia or bacterial infections.

Reasons:
This situation can occur due to several reasons:
Inflammation of the peripheral nerves, which usually leads to loss of sensation or deficiency in patients with diabetes.
The malfunction of the sympathetic nervous system and Albarracmbthaway, leading to a loss of some of the protective
    functions necessary to maintain the integrity of the feet, especially the sense of pain and release enough of the race for
    moisturizing the skin.
May occur due to narrowing or blockage of the peripheral arteries that feed the legs out from under the knees.
And an increased risk of foot ulcer when growing up diabetic new shoes, and walk a long distance in the stage of diabetes
    with low sensitivity and disturbed blood circulation in the feet, it may be solid or narrow shoe and thus be harmful, producing
    sores, wounds, reduces blood circulation in the feet, and the new boot does not help to narrow the healing of wounds or
    sores that are popping up in the foot, due to lack of blood flow in the skin and increase pressure on the soles of the feet due
    to body weight, and lack of ventilation inside the shoe, and increase the sugar in the skin.
As for the causative agent, is a mechanic, such as bruising or burning with hot water, or article of cleaning materials, where
    infection can occur because of the pain sensation.
Moreover, there is another reason the degree of importance, a bacterial infection that causes foot rot-infected tissues, "sore
    foot."

How to care for:
Foot should be checked every day and use a mirror to look at the back of the feet
Consult a doctor when you are redness, swelling, pain or numbness or tingling in any part of the foot.
Should not address any changes in the skin of football at random and without consulting a doctor first
Patients with diabetes are advised to cut the nails straight to avoid nail conjunctiva skin
Not to put feet in front of the heater directly in times of winter Tdvithma
Not walking barefoot
Not to wear shoes without socks, or wearing sandals or other open footwear on the fingers, while avoiding shoes with high
    heels or shoes with a pointed finger or specific fingers.

Charcot's FootComplications of diabetes:
The high percentage of sugar in the blood and lack of control over good in this disease leads to multiple problems in the organs and tissues of the body, and comes in the forefront of the problems affecting the lower limbs, and most important:
Peripheral neuropathy and lack of sensation.
Cardiovascular morbidity and lack of blood supply.
Bacterial infections as a result of a vulnerability
Of foot ulcers and wounds.
Cause abnormalities in the joints and bones broken foot leads
    to a swollen foot (ft Charcot Charcot "s foot).

According to recent global studies proved that half of patients do not know they are infected diabetic foot as a result of the lack of sufficient awareness of, and so they risk losing their feet over 25 times of ordinary people. It also suggests that the incidence of diabetic foot in patients with diabetes, a common rate of 25 to 30 percent, may increase the proportion of those resulting in injuries to the sores and infections of the feet, and this may require amputation in many cases because Altgertm by 82% and a loss of feeling came in second place 59% either inadequate blood supply was in third place with 38 percent, and can be avoided awareness and proper medical care and highways.

Prevention:
Good control by the level of sugar in the blood and set in the normal or close to it is the best way to protect the feet.
Patient education and awareness about diabetic foot complications.
Early identification of cases of bacterial infections in the foot and treatment.
Ulcers by a specialist diabetic foot.
Wear appropriate shoes for the foot to be comfortable and not tight.
Wear cotton socks and washed with the appropriate day.
To wash the feet daily, and dried well, especially between the fingers.
Stop smoking, because smoking has a role in disorders of blood flow in the foot.
Work to lose weight to relieve pressure on the feet.
Cut nails straight and feet are too thinly.
The use of a special oil or moisturizer for the feet to save them and Naamtin Rdobtin.
Avoid walking barefoot to avoid cuts and sores.
Not to endanger the feet of the hot water or even use the hot water bottle on them.
Finally, it must be the prevention of diabetic foot problems are a key target for diabetics and go to a counselor surgery to
    detect and to know the reasons as soon as they occur.

Treatment:
Good control of diabetes, blood pressure and fat.
Remove the pressure on the foot in case of a sore foot, and the most important step towards the treatment of diabetic foot,
    so as to provide an opportunity to heal wounds or ulcerations. Including the reduction of standing and walking, and
    stereotyping of complete (Altajabis), and the use of temporary special Shoes, templates and detailed internal shoes.
Modify blood flow and treatment of blood vessel blockages, if any, to improve the blood supply wound.
Treatment of bacterial infections by treating infections by appropriate antibiotic.
Remove inflamed tissue and cells of dead and rotting.
Cleaning and dressing wounds and skin ulcers and remove harsh.
Control wounds on a regular basis.
The use of absorbent dressings and non-adhesive with large pores. Important here is that diabetics should be fully
    maintained on the feet such as the eyes and non-growing tide of sores or wounds surface and treated early before the
    problem to worsen and reach the germ to the bone and then amputation is inevitable, Vlintbh patient to the importance of
    early diagnosis and treatment.
As demanded by the surgeons that patients with diabetic foot patient, the high morale that help strengthen the immune
    system, thereby eliminating a deadly bacteria, which is scientifically proven in many studies.

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