The situation colloquially called hidden sugar expresses the metabolic status
between normal glucose balance and diabetes.
Normally the blood sugar needs to be < 110 mg/dl on an empty stomach.
this blood sugar is above 110 mg./dl but under < 126 mg/dl on an empty stomach
it is defined as an “Impaired Glucose Tolerance”.
Similarly, if the blood glucose level in the 2nd hour is 126 mg/dl but below 200
mg/dl in persons where a Sugar Increase Test is taken is also called Impaired
The blood sugar levels of these persons are normal during the day and the
classical findings of diabetes are not met. Despite this, since these persons
are in the most at-risk group in terms of type 2 diabetes, they need to
re-organize their life style.
Where to find hidden sugar in our food?
Why do food manufacturers add sugar to products?
Other than the obvious -- to make foods sweeter -- manufacturers add sugar to
improve and maintain foods' color, texture and shelf life.
Packaged foods are loaded with sugar
According to the USDA, most added sugars in the American diet come from regular
(non-diet) soft drinks -- about 33% of all added sugars consumed. Sweetened
fruit drinks, candy, cake and ready-to eat cereal account for another 24%. But
prepared foods, like ketchup, peanut butter, canned fruits and vegetables and
"low-fat" products (where sugar has been added to make up for the reduction of
fat) account for more than a quarter of the added sugar in the American diet.
Read labels to find Hidden Sugar
To find the sugar hidden in your everyday foods, read the Nutrition Facts label
and the ingredients list carefully. Under "carbohydrates," you should find the
At this time, there's no differentiation between naturally-occurring sugars and
added sugars on the label.
Ingredients are listed by weight, from the most to the least. If one or more of
the first few ingredients on the list are forms of sugar (see below), the item
will likely be high in total sugars. "Keep in mind that if the product has no
fruit or milk in the ingredients, all of the sugars in the food are from added
sugars," says the American Heart Association.
Sugar by other names:
When reading the ingredients list, in addition to "sugar" watch for these
ingredients ,they're alternate names for forms of added sugar:
corn sweetener, corn syrup, high-fructose corn syrup, dextrose, fruit juice
concentrates, lactose, malt syrup, molasses, cane juice, cane syrup and
sucrose, honey, glucose, maltose, fructose, hydrolyzed starch or maize syrup
Raw/brown sugar Treacle Concentrated fruit juice Carbohydrate (of which sugars).
Any ingredient ending in "ose" is likely a form of sugar.
Avoid added sugar:
Some sugars occur in foods naturally, like the lactose found in milk and the
fructose in fruit. These sugars don't concern nutritionists as much as others
because the foods that contain them also contain nutrients our bodies need.
According to the USDA, "added sugars are sugars and syrups that are added to
foods or beverages during processing or preparation." They also include any
sugar you add to the food and drinks you make at home.
Easy ways to reduce sugar in your diet:
If you want to reduce the amount of hidden sugars in your diet, limit processed
foods and control portion sizes of foods that have added sugars. Choose
reduced-sugar syrups, jams and preserves.
Sugar in Excess harms health:
While small amounts of added sugar are probably not harmful, most Americans
consume more than twice the daily allowable amount of added sugars. Too much
sugar often leads to weight gain, and all the health problems that come with
being too heavy. More nutritious foods may be overlooked in the quest for
something sweet. By reading labels and choosing carefully, you can reduce the
amount of added sugar in your diet.
Naturally occurring sugar