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Fever

What is fever?
The average normal body temperature is 37°C. The increase of body temperature more than this average is fever.
Fever is not an illness it is an important part of the body's defense against infection. Fever is an indication that a battle might be going on in the body, In addition, a fever activates the body's immune system to make more white blood cells, antibodies, and other infection-fighting agents.

What are the parents fears from fever?
The main fear of parents is from Brain damage & Seizures:
First brain damage will not occur unless the fever is over (42°C).

Second seizures About 3-5% of otherwise healthy children between the ages of 9 months and 5 years will have a seizure caused by a fever. The quickness of the rise in temperature, not the actual height of the fever, which appears to trigger the seizures. The seizure is often the first sign of a fever. simple febrile seizures are harmless. There is no evidence that simple febrile seizures cause death, brain damage, epilepsy, mental retardation, a decrease in IQ, or learning difficulties.

What's the best way to take my child's temperature?
The best ways The worse ways
Orally Rectally
Ear thermometer Axillary temperature
touching the forehead or using Fever strips on the child's forehead both are not accurate.
Orally measurement Rectal measurement Ear thermometer

For children under 2, you can check by doing an axillary temperature and do a rectal temperature if there is a fever, in order to get an accurate measurement.

How we will try to lower child's fever?
First Way Second Way
Medication
Acetaminophen and Ibuprofen are medicines that relieve pain and lower fever.
N.B Acetaminophen or Ibuprofen and a Lukewarm bath may help lower a fever.
Give the medicine before the bath. If the bath is given alone, your child may start shivering as his or her body tries to raise its temperature again. This may make your child feel worse.
Age Weight Acetaminophen dose (every 4 hours)
0 to 3 months Less than 13 pounds Ask your family doctor
4 to 7 months 13 to 17 pounds 80 mg
8 to 18 months 18 to 23 pounds 120 mg
1.5 to 3 years 24 to 32 pounds 160 mg
4 to 5 years 33 to 45 pounds 240 mg
6 to 7 years 46 to 61 pounds 320 mg
8 to 9 years 62 to 78 pounds 400 mg
10 to 11 years 79 to 98 pounds 480 mg
12 to 13 years 99 to 131 pounds 650 mg
14 years or older 132 or more pounds 650 - 1,000 mg
* Give your child plenty to drink to prevent dehydration
 
* Prevent your child from moving around, Moving around can raise the temperature more.
*Keep room temperature between 21°C & 23 °C
* Don't over bundle your child. Dress your child in light cotton pajamas so that body heat can escape.
*We can use extra blanket when child chill.

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