What is Diaper rash?
Diaper rash (irritant diaper dermatitis) is a common
type of rash that appears as background
redness (erythema) with red to bright-red
sheets of skin (plaques) covering these
The skin folds are not usually affected.
Redness may be especially severe where the
skin meets the edges of the diaper.
What are the causes of Diaper rash?
Diaper rash caused by
friction, wetness and blockage (occlusion) of the diapered area.
What are the symptoms of Diaper rash?
Background redness (erythema) with red to
bright-red sheets of skin (plaques) covering
curving outward (convex) surfaces of the
diaper area, such as the pubic mound of
females and the buttocks. Redness may be
severe where the skin meets the edges of the
How to treat Diaper rash?
Barrier creams or zinc oxide paste to
protect the skin from rubbing against the
diaper e.g. Rasha
Mild topical corticosteroids to treat
active, inflamed sheets of skin (plaques).
Be careful to prevent thinning of the skin
(atrophy) from using steroids in skin folds
and blocked (occluded) areas.
Keep the skin dry. Change wet diapers as
quickly as possible. Allow the baby's skin
to air dry as long as is practical. Launder
cloth diapers in mild soap and rinse well.
Avoid using plastic pants. Avoid irritating
What is Diaper dermatitis?
Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common
skin conditions in infants and
children. Candidal diaper dermatitis is the
second most common type of diaper
dermatitis, with no infected areas of
redness and tenderness (irritant diaper
dermatitis) being the most common type.
What are the symptoms of Diaper dermatitis?
Red elevated areas (papules) and flat, solid
areas of skin (plaques) with sharp edges and
skin flakes (scale) as well as surrounding
"satellite" skin elevations containing pus
Candidal diaper dermatitis most commonly
appears in the the deep folds of genitals
and diaper area
Redness (erythema) may appear to be joined
into one area (confluent). Breakdown
(erosions) or loss of the upper layer of
skin may be present.
Alternatively, the lesions may be merging
together (coalescing) small pink bumps with
overlying scale, without any redness.
How to treat Diaper dermatitis?
Topical antifungal skin creams and ointments
will clear up infections caused by
yeast e.g. Ketoderm