What is Cough?
What are the causes of cough?
Cough is sudden, often repetitive, spasmodic
contraction of the thoracic cavity,
resulting in violent release of air from the
Coughing is an action the body takes to get
rid of substances that are irritating the
Causes differ according to kind of cough:
(caused by an infection)
Infectious causes of acute cough include viral upper respiratory infections
(the common cold), sinus infections, pneumonia, and whooping cough.
Noninfectious causes of cough include flare-ups of the following chronic conditions: chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, and environmental allergies.
The common causes of chronic dry coughing include
post-nasal drip, gastro esophageal reflux disease, asthma, post viral
cough and certain drugs such as beta blockers, ACE inhibitors and
What are the symptoms of cough?
Fever, chills, body aches, sore throat, nausea, vomiting, headache, sinus pressure,
runny nose, night sweats, and postnasal drip. Sputum, or phlegm
when you are exposed to certain chemicals or irritants in the environment, coughs
with wheezing, coughs that routinely worsen when you go to certain
locations or do certain activities
If cough is related to environmental irritants
If patient has a chronic lung disease such as asthma, emphysema, or
chronic bronchitis, there may be a persistent cough or a cough that
worsens with certain locations or activities
If cough is caused by chronic sinus infections, chronic runny nose, or
chronic postnasal drip.
If cough is associated with medications
If cough associated with GERD (gastro esophageal reflux)
How to treat cough?
Coughs can be treated with cough medicines:
- Dry coughs are
treated with cough suppressants
(antitussives) that suppress the body's urge
to cough: e.g.
Inspiration Productive coughs (coughs that
produce phlegm) are treated with
expectorants that loosen mucus from the
respiratory tract; e.g. Guiafenesin,
Sedopect & Solvex.