What is meant by nausea?
Nausea is the
sensation discomfort in the stomach with an
urge to vomit
Nausea is not an illness; it is a symptom &
is often indicative of an underlying
condition elsewhere in the body.
What is meant by Vomiting?
Is the forceful expulsion
of the contents of one's stomach through the
mouth and sometimes the nose.
What are vomiting complications?
Vomiting can be very dangerous if the gastric content gets into the respiratory tract ; the individual may choke and asphyxiate or
suffer an aspiration pneumonia.
- Dehydration and electrolyte imbalance:
Prolonged and excessive vomiting will deplete the body of water May alter the electrolyte status.
What are the causes of vomiting?
Causes in the digestive tract:
Causes in the brain:
- Gastritis (inflammation of the gastric wall, usually by viruses)
- Pyloric stenosis (in babies - this typically causes a very forceful "projectile vomiting"
- Bowel obstruction
- Milk allergy In children, it can be caused by an allergic reaction to cow's milk proteins
- Concussion, Cerebral hemorrhage
- Brain tumors, which can cause the chemo receptors to malfunction
- Benign intracranial hypertension and hydrocephalus
- Metabolic disturbances (these may irritate both the stomach and the parts of the brain
that coordinate vomiting
Infections elsewhere in the body can also cause vomiting.
Other classic situations are kids with pneumonia, ear infections, urinary
tract infections, hepatitis, meningitis, or appendicitis.
Children with inborn errors of metabolism, such as PKU or galactosemia, will start
vomiting at an early age.
How to treat nausea and vomiting?
An anti-emetic is a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea.
Anti-emetics act by inhibiting the receptor sites associated with emesis
Domperidone 10 mg tab.