What is meant by nausea?
Nausea is the
sensation discomfort in the stomach with an
urge to vomit
Nausea is not an illness; it is a symptom &
is often indicative of an underlying
condition elsewhere in the body.
What is meant by Vomiting?
Is the forceful expulsion
of the contents of one's stomach through the
mouth and sometimes the nose.
What are vomiting complications?
Vomiting can be very dangerous if the
gastric content gets into the respiratory
the individual may choke and asphyxiate or
suffer an aspiration
► Dehydration and electrolyte imbalance:
Prolonged and excessive vomiting will
deplete the body of water May alter the
What are the causes of vomiting?
► Causes in the digestive tract:
Gastritis (inflammation of the gastric wall,
usually by viruses)
Pyloric stenosis (in babies - this
typically causes a very forceful "projectile
Milk allergy In children, it can be caused
by an allergic reaction to cow's milk
► Causes in the brain:
Concussion, Cerebral hemorrhage
Brain tumors, which can cause the chemo
receptors to malfunction
Benign intracranial hypertension and
Metabolic disturbances (these may irritate
both the stomach and the parts of the brain
that coordinate vomiting
► Infections elsewhere in the body can also
► Other classic situations are
kids with pneumonia, ear infections, urinary
tract infections, hepatitis, meningitis, or
► Children with inborn errors of metabolism,
such as PKU or galactosemia, will start
vomiting at an early age.
How to treat nausea and vomiting?
An anti-emetic is a drug
that is effective against vomiting and
Anti-emetics act by inhibiting the receptor
sites associated with emesis
Domperidone 10 mg tab.